Rock Hill is the largest city in York County, South Carolina and the fourth-largest city in the state. It is also the fourth-largest city of the Charlotte metropolitan area, behind Charlotte, Concord, and Gastonia. The population was 66,154 as of the 2010 Census. Rock Hill is located approximately 25 miles (40 km) south of Charlotte and approximately 70 miles (110 km) north of Columbia.
Rock Hill's economy was once dominated by the textile industry, but the restructuring of that industry in moving jobs overseas has caused a decline in the local economy. The median income for a household in the city was $37,336, and the median income for a family was $45,697. Males had a median income of $32,156 versus $24,181 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,929. About 9.7% of families and 14.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.2% of those under age 18 and 12.0% of those age 65 or over. The unemployment rate of the city was 8.7 percent and 11,874 of the 71,459 residents lived and worked in the city with a daytime population change of +5,208 as of March 2011. The city is transitioning to a retail and manufacturing economy, and has been working to attract national and global companies.
Parks and recreation:
Rock Hill is home to thirty-one parks, four recreational centers, one botanical garden, along with the many nature trails. There are also Nanny Mountain County Park and Ebenezer County Park, Kings Mountain State Park and Andrew Jackson State Park, and Kings Mountain National Military Park that are located just minutes away.
Rock Hill has two local airports. The Rock Hill Municipal Airport is a municipal airport for the city of Rock Hill and serves non-commercial flights. The airport is located just minutes from Rock Hill's Central business district. Also called Bryant Field, it was named for Robert E. Bryant, an aviator with two international records and an inductee in the South Carolina Aviation Hall of Fame (The name is no longer used for the airport because of confusion with Bryant Field (airport)). It is owned and operated by the City of Rock Hill, but York County is also represented on the Airport Commission. The other local airport, the Charlotte-Douglas International Airport, is one of the busiest airports in the United States and is located 20 miles from Rock Hill in Charlotte, North Carolina.
Rock Hill has one regional transit system, The Charlotte Area Transit System that offers express bus service from Rock Hill to Charlotte.
- 78X Celanese Road to Cherry Road to Uptown Charlotte.
- 82X Downtown Rock Hill to Manchester Village to Uptown Charlotte.
Five museums are located in the city, and many more in the area.
- The York County Museum of Rock Hill is a cultural and natural history museum located near the Rock Hill Airport.
- The Comporium Telephone Museum is a historical museum located in Downtown about the history of technology in Rock Hill.
- The Center for the Arts is an art museum also located in Downtown and owned by the York County Arts Council viewing local art.
- The Main Street Children's Museum is located in Downtown as well, specializing in children's learning and educational activities.
- The White Home is a museum and park on White Street and is on the National Register of Historical Places.