Yala is a city and seat of Sateng subdistrict (tambon), Mueang Yala District, Yala Province, southern Thailand. The provincial and district capital, it is located 137 kilometres by road southeast of Hat Yai. The eastern part of the city is part of the neighboring tambon of Sateng Nok. As of 2010 the tambon had a total population of 76,853, up from 65,503 people reoprted in 2005. It lies on the border with Pattani Province in the north of Yala Province. It lies along Thailand Route 4106, south of Khao Tum and north of Krong Pinang and has a railway station on the Yala Railway.
The city is heavily planned and the centre is circular. The city is centered around a circular park and meticulously planned, situated along the Phang Mueang, the central thoroughfare. There is a large park to the west of this with a a lake/swamp. The city contains a Pillar Shrine, Yala Central Mosque and a field hospital. Yala Central Mosque is a large mosque with a square shaped roof and green dome, located along the main road towards the north of the city. It has existed in its location for over a century and was damaged during the Japanese occupation of Thailand, but was subsequently rebuilt after World War II. Yala contains the Yala Hospital and Siroros Hospital, located along Route 4106 to serve the surrounding district. The Tham Phab Khien Fa Panang caves lie to the east of Yala on the way to Budi and contain some 500 year old rock paintings.