The Sun Yat Sen Nanyang Memorial Hall, also known as Wan Qing Yuan, and formerly as Sun Yat Sen Villa, is a two-storey colonial style villa in Balestier, Singapore
. The villa is now a museum commemorating Sun Yat-sen, the founding father of the Republic of China
, who visited Singapore nine times between 1900 and 1911.
Located at 12 Tai Gin Road in Balestier, the villa occupies an area of approximately 3,120 square metres and played a crucial role in the 1911 Xinhai Revolution by serving as the Tongmenghui's base in Nanyang (Southeast Asia
) in the early 20th century.
The villa is now home to a collection of close to 400 artefacts, including calligraphy works, photographs, old books, paintings, sculptures & etc., all spread over the five galleries in two levels. The villa is redecorated in the style of an old Peranakan house and has 180 new artefacts added. Most of the paintings, the bronze wall mural, and the bronze statues and busts, worth over S$1.5 million, which were commissioned by the museum, were paid for by the Lee Foundation.
A two-metre tall bronze wall mural which spans 60 metres to the back of the building and depicts Singapore's history from the 1840s to the 1940s. It was sculpted by artists from China between 1999 and early 2005 at a cost of around S$1 million. It depicts scenes of Singapore as a fishing village in the 1840s and the Sook Ching Massacre in 1942.
Bronze statues scattered around the garden, including those of persons who helped Sun Yat-sen in the Xinhai Revolution. There is a one-metre tall sculpture of Sun Yat-sen seated on a chair, which was presented by the Chinese government in 1937. More bronze sculptures of Sun line the hallway leading to the museum's entrance.
Oil and watercolour paintings and calligraphy works by Singaporean and Chinese artists, such as painter Liu Kang, Buddhist monk and artist Reverend Song Nian, and Cultural Medallion-winning artists Ong Kim Seng and Tan Swie Hian. These are found in the galleries on level two.
Photograph of Sun Yat-sen and members of the Tongmenghui's Singapore branch, taken at Wan Qing Yuan around 1906.
Nanyang and the Founding of the Republic, the Memoir of Teo Eng Hock, a book by Teo Eng Hock, providing a detailed record of the Tongmenghui's activities in Southeast Asia.
Wan Qing Yuan and the Chinese Revolution, a recollection by Tan Chor Lam, a book printed in the 1940s, containing records of the Tongmenghui's activities in Singapore.
A work of Chinese calligraphy, bearing the Chinese characters bo ai (博愛; "universal love"), presented by Sun Yat-sen to Teo Eng Hock's nephew Teo Beng Wan.
Seal belonging to Tan Chor Lam, engraved with the Chinese characters jie ai guo yuan (結愛國緣; "love for country and fellow countrymen").