Biratnagar is a sub-metropolitan city in southeast Nepal. In Nepali "birat" means huge and "nagar" means city. In the past, the region had a king whose name was Birat and the ruins of whose palace can be seen. The name "Biratnagar" for the city comes from the name of King Birat.
It is located in the fertile Gangetic plains and the land is very fertile. Hence Biratnagar has traditionally been an agricultural hub and is home to many industries based on agriculture. It is located at the border with India and is therefore a major centre for trade and commerce with India. Biratnagar is linked with Kathmandu by roads and air. Biratnagar Airport is the regional hub for vital air services serving the Eastern part of the country.