Zomba is a city in southern Malawi
, in the Shire Highlands. It is the administrative capital of Zomba District.It was the capital of first British Central Africa
and then Nyasaland before the establishment of the Republic of Malawi in 1964. It was also the first capital of Malawi and remained so until 1974, when Lilongwe
became the capital. The Parliament remained even longer, until 1994 in Zomba. The city is best known for its British colonial architecture and its location at the base of the dramatic Zomba Plateau. Zomba is also the home of Chancellor College of the University of Malawi
Zomba is the centre for the tobacco and dairy farms of the surrounding area, which also produces rice, corn (maize), fish, and softwoods. Timber is extracted from the nearby plateau.The easiest way to get to Zomba is by kombi bus service from Lilongwe or Blantyre
via the M1, Malawi's main north-south highway.National Bus Service as well as private run mini-buses connect Zomba with Liwonde, Mangochi, Balaka, Lilongwe and Lake Malawi
Main attraction in Zomba is the Zomba Plateau. Activities offered include rock climbing, horse riding,bird watching, fishing and mountain-biking. The Ku Chawe Inn, which lays right on the edge of the plateau is the most luxurious hotel in the area. Furthermore, tourists can sleep in log houses or camp at the trout farm. Within the town, two backpacker hostels and several lodges, ranging from basic to mid-class are open for guests. A craft market provides locally made souvenirs.