The University of Kerala (UoK), formerly the University of Travancore, is an affiliating university located in Trivandrum in the state of Kerala, India
. It was established in 1937, long before the birth of the state of Kerala in India, by a promulgation of the Maharaja of Travancore, Sri Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma who was also the first Chancellor of the university. Sir C P Ramaswamy Ayyar, the then Diwan of the State, was the first Vice-Chancellor. It was the sixteenth university to be set up in India, and ten colleges within the state of Travancore which were affiliated to Madras University became the affiliated colleges of the University of Travancore.