On 15th August 1947, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India, unfurled the national flag from the ramparts of the Red Fort. The Lal Qila thus became a symbol of independence and national pride. Considering the role the Red Fort has played in the freedom struggle Swatantrata Sangram Sanghralaya was set up in one of the double storeyed army barracks in 1995. The museum provides a glimpse of major phases of India's struggle for freedom.
The phases/episodes of the struggle which have been portrayed in the museum include prelude to 1857 uprising, first war of Indian independence 1857 AD, India at the crossroads (1858 – 1884 AD), Emergence of Congress (1885 – 1905 AD), moderates and extremist phase (1906 – 1919 AD), beginning of Gandhi era (1920 – 1929 AD), India during Civil Disobedience Movement (1930 – 1939 AD), Quit India Movement (1942 AD), Indian National Army (1942 AD), India Achieves Freedom (15th August 1947).
In the museum, the history of the freedom struggle is depicted through photographs, documents, paintings, lithographs and objects like guns, pistols, swords, shields, badges, medals, dioramas, sculptures etc.