Sonipat is a town and a municipal council in the Sonipat District
in the state of Haryana
. It comes under the National Capital Region and is around 20 km from Delhi (Sindhu Border). The Yamuna River runs along the eastern boundary of the district. Sonipat comprises 3 sub-divisions namely Sonipat, Ganaur and Gohana
and seven blocks (Sonipat, Ganaur, Rai, Kharkhoda, Gohana, Kathura and Mundlana). It has been carved out of Rohtak
and made a full fledged district on 22 December 1972.
Its believed that Sonipat was founded as Swarnaprastha by the five Pandava brothers during the times of Mahabharata. Its one of the five Preasthas or towns demanded by Yudhisthira from Duryodhana as the price of peace. Another legend ascribed it to Raja Soni, the thirteenth descendent of Arjuna, one of the Pandava brothers. Both the traditions are without substance. There is no mention of Sonipat in the Mahabharata, although it has been noted much earlier by the great grammarian Panini in his celebrated Ashtadhyayi. The town was therefore already in existence around 600 B.C.
Places of Interest:
Khwaja Khizr Tomb:
Tomb of Khwaja Khizr houses the remains of the saint who lived during the rule of Ibrahim Lodhi. The structure was built in the periods between 1522 and 1525 AD. Khwaja Khizr was Darya Khan's son. Tomb stands on an elevated platform. It is one of the few monuments where red sandstone along with ‘kankar’ blocks have been used.The ceiling is decorative and comprises floral designs that come in multicolors. The hues of yellow, red, and green make the ceiling quite colorful. The cenotaph chamber is surrounded by a dome-shaped structure which rests on a small drum of octagonal shape. Now its under the protection of Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) and surrounded by 4 acre of lush green gardens.
Main water system in the district comprises River Yamuna and the irrigation canals flowing out of it. The river flows besides the rural belt in the eastern side of district. It also acts as a natural boundary between state of Haryana and the state of Uttar Pradesh.
At the outskirts of the city one can enjoy the site of Mughal Buildings which lie unprotected. Among them is the Mosque of Abdullah Nasir-ud-din, who was a descendant from Mushid of Iran
Sports Authority of India has established there Northern Regional Center SAI, Ch. Devi Lal Regional Center at Sonipat to provides World
-class facilities to the athletes (especially Wrestlers) here.In July 1973 Government of Haryana established Motilal Nehru School of Sports, Rai, Sonipat to provide excellent education facilities with extra emphasis on sports. Here breed of athletes for Hockey, Basketball, Lawntennis, Horseridding, Gymnastics, Swimming, Rifle Shooting, Volleyball, Boxing, Cricket and Football, are being produced.