Sarni is a municipality in Betul district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. Sarni is located in an area that is known as a part of the Gondwana tract after the Gond tribe, who chiefly inhabited in this area and practiced shifting cultivation.
In the fourteenth and fifteenth century, this area of Gonds was infiltrated by Rajputs and who, by the time of Mughals, had succeeded in reclaiming several parts of the Narmada valley for agriculture. The Gonds were pushed to higher plateaus and slopes to continue hunting and their shifting cultivation. This area saw unrest due to the tension between the Marathas and the Mughals during the seventeenth and eighteenth century. During the year 1818, the area saw the advent of British rule. Sarni is located approximately 200 km (120 mi) south of capital Bhopal and approximately 225 km (140 mi) north of Nagpur. Sarni is accessible by both road and rail routes. An all-weather road connects Sarni to Nagpur-Bhopal National Highway NH 69, making it easily accessible from both nearby airports of Bhopal and Nagpur.