Salem pronunciation (help·info) (Tamil: ) is a city and a Municipal Corporation in Salem district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Salem is located in the north central part of the state, about 340 kilometres (211 mi) southwest of the state capital, Chennai. Salem is the fifth biggest city in Tamil Nadu in terms of size after Chennai, Coimbatore, Madurai,and Tiruchirappalli respectively.
The area of the city is 94 km2. It is the Sixth Municipal Corporation and Urban agglomeration in Tamil Nadu after Chennai, Coimbatore, Madurai, Tiruchirappalli and Tiruppur respectively. Salem is a part of the Kongu Nadu, an ancient division of coimbatore Tamilakam comprising the western part of Tamil Nadu and is at the base of the popular tourist destination of Yercaud hills. There are also remote sites of beauty such as Kiliyur Falls and Kavery peak.