Roorkee is a city and seat of a municipal council in Haridwar district, Uttarakhand, in far northern India. It is on the banks of the Ganges canal on the national highway between Delhi and Dehradun. Roorkee is known for Roorkee Cantonment, one of the country's oldest, and the headquarters of Bengal Engineer Group (Bengal Sappers) since 1853. The renowned engineering college IIT Roorkee is located in this town.
Roorkee is famous for the manufacture of survey and nautical instruments. It started in early 1900, with the repairing of instruments of the Thomason College of Civil Engineering (later University of Roorkee and then IIT Roorkee) and moving on to manufacturing of compasses, levels and other surveying instruments. After getting the state status to Uttarakhand, Roorkee has grown to having 100+ industries and corporate houses under SIDCUL.
Business & Services:
Roorkee is Business Center also. It has many Business & Service Centers. After birth of Uttarakhand State it is developing as a leading Service Centre of the State. Apart from other Services, it has many Advertising Agencies also. 1. Summit Media Solutions, Roorkee.
Roorkee is 172 kilometres (107 mt) north of the Indian capital, New Delhi between the rivers Ganges and Yamuna, close to the foothills of the Himalayas. Before the creation of Uttarakhand on November 9, 2000, Roorkee was a part of the state of Uttar Pradesh.
Due to its location away from any major water body and its proximity to the Himalayas, Roorkee has an extreme and erratic continental climate. Summers start in late March and go on until early July, with average temperatures around 28°C (82°F). The monsoon season starts in July and goes on uptil October, with torrential rainfall, due to the blocking of the monsoon clouds by the Himalayas. The post monsoon season starts in October and goes on uptil late November, with average temperatures sliding from 21°C (70°F) to 15°C (59°F). Winters start in December, with lows close to freezing and frequent cold waves due to the cold katabatic winds blowing from the Himalayas.
Roorkee comes under Northern Railway region of Indian Railways and is connected to major Indian cities. The nearest airport is Jolly Grant Airport in Dehradun, though the preferred one is Indira Gandhi International Airport in New Delhi. Roorkee's major neighbouring cities are Dehradun, Haridwar, Rishikesh, Saharanpur, Muzaffarnagar, Meerut, Ambala and Chandigarh. The National Highway 58 (NH58) (Delhi-Haridwar-Mana Pass) and NH73 (Panchkula/Chandigarh - Yamuna Nagar - Roorkee) pass through the heart of the city.
Roorkee is a centre of education and research. It is best known for Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee (IIT), which was formerly called the University of Roorkee and originally known as the Thomason College of Civil Engineering. The Punjab Engineering College, Chandigarh started its operations in India, from a single room in the main building of erstwhile Thomason College of Civil Engineering, when it shifted to India from Lahore in Pakistan after the Partition of India in 1947; it continued to operate from Roorkee until 1954, when it shifted to its present premises in Chandigarh.
Roorkee is home to several government research institutes: Central Building Research Institute (C.B.R.I.), Irrigation Research Institute (I.R.I.), Institution of Engineers Regional Center (I.E.I.), Alternate Hydro Energy Centre (A.H.E.C.), Irrigation Design Organization (I.D.O.) and National Institute of Hydrology (N.I.H.).
Roorkee has expanded considerably in recent times. A full-fledged developed village, Mazri lies 14 kilometres (8.7 mt) outside Roorkee, 3 kilometres (1.9 mt) away from Piran Kaliyar. Since the British rule, Mazri is a leading village in the education sector, has a remarkable literacy rate of 98%, and many engineers of the Roorkee region originate from here. The village Sunehrah had a major presence in the struggle for freedom against the British. The ashram of Asha Ram Bapu Ji is in Sunehra.