Ramagundam is a town in the Karimnagar district of northern Andhra Pradesh, India. Ramagundam is known as town Of Energy. It is located on the banks of river Godavari, about 250 kilometres (155 mt) north east of state capital, Hyderabad. It has a population of 473,796. The town of Ramagundam gets its name from a combination of two words: (Rama + Gundam). A famous temple of the Hindu God Lord Rama is situated in the old part of the town and 'Gundam' means Water Springs.Ramagundam is Adjacent to Godavarikhani.
Ramagundam is situated in the Godavari Valley coalfields and has one of India's largest thermal power stations, run by NTPC. Ramagundam is considered the Manchester of India in light of the companies surrounding the area. Mostly industries are connected with GODAVARIKHANI-NTPC-RAMAGUNDAM (This is also called TRY CITIES) Some of them are FCI: Fertilizer Corporation of India, Kesoram Cement, Basanth Nagar, NTPC (RSTPS - Ramagundam Super Thermal Power Station) sourcing 2600 MW of power 24/7 and the APSEB (Andhra Pradesh State Electricity Board) unit at Ramagundam. Another 1600MW (2x800MW) is proposed as RDM-II as per expansion plan by NTPC Limited. NTPC's first SPV or Solar photovoltaic unit of capacity 25MW (Phase-I 1x10MW, Phase-II 1x15MW) has been proposed at Ramagundam. This would help in earning carbon credits against use of solar power as renewable energy source.
Around 24 units of coal mines belt in Godavarikhani stretching 25 km including opencasts (state of the art proclainers) are used in these open coal mines. Pruthvi Banjan is the name given by Late Shri N. T. Rama Rao, the then Chief minister of Andhra Pradesh, to the thermal station for Godavarikhani community. There are many factories around this place that take the raw material from the coalmines and prepare carbon derivatives. The River Godavari flowing through this region made this a strategic location for all these companies providing employment to more than 15,000 people. The temperature is hotter than most places in India. The normal temperature is 40 degrees Celsius. NTPC has developed a technique to reduce the temperature by reducing the carbon dioxide in its emissions and has thus helped reduce the average temperature by 2 degrees Celsius in the last decade.
NTPC Ramagundam is considered to be one of the best in the nation (among 24 locations). NTPC is divided into 5 regions: Ramgundam falls in the southern region along with Simhadri and Kayamkulam. This provides a major chunk of the power supply to Dadar Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu, PGCIL (Powergrid Corporation of India Limited). More than 38000 crores have been invested to build this massive organization which provides employment to more than 6000 people. Recently, the 7th unit was added (in August 2004) with an additional capacity of 500 MW. NTPC Ramagundam has an exemplary vision for the environment which includes afforestation, monitoring environment impacts using NRSA satellite imaging services, Ash pond treatment, Ash brick plants and creating awareness of the environment in the local community.
- Road: Ramagundam is connected to major parts of the state through a well connected road. APSRTC Buses for Hyderabad and Karimnagar are for every 15-30 min and everyday RTC provides HiTech Bus services to Hyderabad in normal route, There is a Bus via NTPC township to Hyd at 12.10 AM starting from NTPC Main Shopping complex (Bus reservation can be done at the township shopping centre) and between 11 PM to 01 AM there are two buses from 08 Inc Line colony passing to peddapalli. Local (in side city) transportation: Approximately 3500 three-wheeler auto rickshaws are running in the city.
- Rail: Ramagundam is connected through the South Central Railway which connects to all the four metropolitan cities of India. Ramagundam Rail way station is biggest station in karimnagar district, and last junction in telangana.
- Air: There is an airport at Basant nagar Kesoram cement factory at Ramagundam which is about 50 km from Karimnagar City. It was used when the Government of India was operating Vayudoot airlines a subsidiary of Air India and Indian Airlines. After the closure of Vayudoot, it has not been regular use. As of 2010, it is only used for landing of any VVIP's flights or for emergency landing of flights. The nearest major airport is around 250 km away at Hyderabad, Hyderabad International Airport and it is connected by the state highway via Karimnagar and Siddipet.