Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport
(IATA: CCU, ICAO: VECC) is an airport located in Kolkata
, West Bengal
, serving the greater Kolkata metro area. The airport was originally known as Dum Dum
Airport before being renamed in the honour of Subhas Chandra Bose. From April 2006 to March 2012, it was the fifth busiest airport in the country in terms of overall passenger traffic, and ninth busiest in terms of international passenger traffic.
It is located approximately 17 km (11 mi) from Kolkata's City Centre
.Spread over an area of 4500 acres, Kolkata airport is the largest in eastern India and one of only two international airports operating in West Bengal, the other being in Bagdogra
. It is a major centre for flights to North-East India, Bangladesh
and Southeast Asia
In November 2008, the construction of a new terminal commenced.This integrated terminal is to serve both international and domestic services.A Thai-based company Italian-Thai Development(ITD) Corporation (ITD-ITDCem JV - A consortium of ITD and ITD Cementation) , along with Delhi-based designer Sikka Associates, were hired to construct the building.It will spread over 233,000 m sq (2,510,000 sq ft).
The former airport hotel 'Ashok' has been demolished to give way to two new five-star luxury hotels and a shopping mall in its place.The terminal is expected to be inaugurated on 23 January 2013 on the 126th birth anniversary of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose.After overshooting the previous deadlines of July 2011 and August 2012.The transition of airlines to this terminal may take several months, and is not expected to finish until March 2013.
Kolkata's current international and domestic terminals will close when the integrated terminal opens. However, the international terminal may still be utilized for future hajj services, and the domestic terminal could be used by regional airlines.An earlier proposal of continuing low-cost carrier operations from the existing domestic terminal has been shelved due to the need to fully utilize the new integrated terminal.The new terminal has attracted the interest of airlines that are considering extending their operations to Kolkata. These include Malaysia
Airlines, Xiamen Airlines, Turkish Airlines, Japan
Airlines and FlyDubai.
Work on the secondary runway extension, rapid exit taxiways and parking bays are also in progress. The secondary runway has been extended by 400 m (1,300 ft) on the northern side. On the southern side, 1000 ft extension work is under way along with the construction of a new taxiway. The secondary runway is being fitted with CAT-I facilities for night use. The primary runway has been upgraded from CAT-I to CAT-II ILS facility to help aircraft landing in poor visibility.
The airport has a facility of prepaid taxis and air-conditioned buses that connect it to the city. Volvo buses connect the airport to different parts of the city. As part of the larger modernisation programme, a flyover at Nagerbazar and an entry ramp on VIP Road have also been constructed. A 2 km flyover from Kestopur to Jora Mandir is being built to speed up the airport bound traffic.These should reduce journey times to the airport.
Kolkata airport is also connected to the Kolkata Suburban Railway system. It was the first airport in India to have this facility, which opened in 2005.The four kilometre long elevated track connects the airport's Biman Bandar station with Dumdum Cantonment, passing Jessore Road. Electric multiple unit rolling stock serve the line.
The railway line has seen poor patronage, leading to plans to replace it with a metro system. Current Kolkata Metro expansion plans include two new lines to the airport, one from Noapara connecting at Barasat
, and the other from New Garia.Both lines will converge at the airport and form an underground station.