Nahan is a town in Himachal Pradesh in India and is the headquarters of the Sirmaur District. It is also the location of Indian Special Forces Training School.
A well-laid out picturesque town, Nahan is situated on a hill top in the Shiwalik Hills, overlooking green hills. Traditionally, saints and princes are linked with the origin of Nahan. The city was founded as in 1621 by Raja Karam Prakash.. Another version recalls a saint who lived with a companion named Nahar on the site where the Nahan palace now stands. "Nahar" means Don't kill and the town probably takes its name from an incident when a king was trying to kill a lion and the saint said Nahar, that is do not kill it. The name of the saint was Baba Banwari Das.
At an altitude of 932 m, Nahan is a good base for visits to the surrounding areas such as Renuka Lake, Paonta Sahib, Trilokpur and the Suketi Fossil Park. It has a pleasant climate throughout the year and is watered by a man-made lake and decorated with temples and gardens. Nahan has got the crown to organize the second Municipal Corporation in India, after Kolkata.
Underground sewerage system in this town is unbeatable and hence it bears the title to be a neat and clean town. Well planned streets make all the long distances calm and traffic free. The narrow fields are used by the pedestrians to move fast on foot to avoid traffic.
The Municipal Corporation Office is also situated near to the Pakka Tank only. The Sirmour district has been extensively criss-crossed by rivers and the streams and most of them having perennial water flow of considerable volume. With the result, fishing on the rivers and streams has been a pretty old past time in the district. The mulle, Masheer, Gid and Mirror cap varietiesare found on large scale, helping in the economic well being of the people.
Industrially, Sirmour district was not much advanced. The first such unit was set up in 1875, which was taken over by the govt.
In 1964 A.D. The Chief items of this foundry were cane crusher, cast iron and black sheet panes flour mills, centrifugal pumps mono-block pump sets and other agricultural implements and accessories. This Foundry was over taken by the Britishers During the British Rule in INDIA. This foundry is situated near famous Kalisthan Temple. Also there is a house opposite to Nahan Foundry which was constructed by Britishers for the general manager of the foundry in 1945, currently in possession of government as Sessions House where the District & Sessions Judge of Nahan resides.
Places of Interest:
The gentle level walks of Villa Round and Hospital Round (Chakkar Ke Sadak) are evocative of the city's past. The hub of Nahan's activities is Chaugan. The Mall Road is one of the favourite place of the youngsters after the college campus to walk along, specially in evening. Evening walk is one of the most common habit found in the citizens of Nahan. People regularly go for evening walk in the market and on The Mall. People like to meet in market and also visit the homes of friends on regular basis, mostly during this evening walk. Gift shops, Rosin & Turpentine factory and local temples are among the other major attractions.
Other places of visit include Markanda (8 km from Nahan), Jamta, and Renuka Ji Lake (35 km). In the heart of Nahan town is Rani Tal, where a large temple and a water pond from the days of ex-rulers of Sirmaur state can be seen. Ducks and cranes can be seen playing in the Ranital pond, and Ranital Garden further adds to the charm. Pakka Talab is one of the other ponds which has been renovated. A big fountain adds up to the beauty of the Pakka Tank, and the garden seats are being installed. Pakka Tank is also the place to celebrate two most important festivals of the town, that is BamanDwadshi Fair and Gugga Peer Fair.
Pakka tank is also well known for its whole sale vegetable market, which is under operation in all the mornings, and recently shifted to Kanshiwalla. The one and only Railway reservation centre of Nahan is also situated in the Panchayat Ghar, Pakka Tank. Gunnu Ghat is the center of the Nahan City. All short-cuts leads to everywhere from this center point. Historical Miyan Ka mandir is very popular and gets good gathering on Krishna janam Ashtmi. In Nahan you can visit one more beautiful place called Shanti Sangam and Tallon and can admire natural beauty.
Famous Religious Places:
- Shiv Ji Temple Saltevni
- Kalisthan Temple
- Jagannath Temple
- Rani Tal Shiv Temple
- Shiva Parvati Temple, Kumhar Gali (300 years old)
- Gurudwara Dashmesh Asthaan, Nahan
- Shri Krishna Temple, Nahan Cantt.
- Miyan Ka Mandir
- Lakshmi Narayan Temple, Upper Street
- Shudh Dhaar Shiv Mandir the Famous Place of Sirmour
- Nainidhar Shiv Mandir
- Bhagnari Shiv Mandir
- Sanatan Dharam Mandir
- Mata Balasundari Temple, Hospital Round
- Masjid Shamsher Ganj , Police line