Ludhiana city and a municipal corporation in Ludhiana district in the Indian state of Punjab. It is the largest city in the state, with an estimated population of 1,613,878 in 2011. The population increases substantially during the crop harvesting season due to migration of laborers from states like Eastern Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Orissa and Delhi. It has an area of about 310 km². The city stands on the Sutlej River's old bank, 13 km south of its present course. It is a major industrial center of northern India. Residents of the city may be referred to as Ludhianvis.
Ludhiana is located 100 km west from state capital Chandigarh on NH 95 and is centrally located on National Highway 1 from Indian capital New Delhi to Amritsar, and is well connected to New Delhi by road, frequent train service and by air. Ludhiana is a well known NRI district of Punjab with a large population living abroad in Canada, U.K,Australia and U.S. Ludhiana is also well known for having a large number of Mercedes cars on the roads, along with other premium brands like BMW etc.
The World Bank ranked Ludhiana as the city in India with the best business environment in 2009. The riches are brought mostly by small-scale industrial units, which produce industrial goods, machine parts, auto parts, household appliances, hosiery, apparel, and garments. Ludhiana is Asia's largest hub for bicycle manufacturing and produces more than 50% of India's bicycle consumption of more than 10 million each year.
Ludhiana produces 60% of India's tractor parts and a large portion of auto and two-wheeler parts. Many parts used in German cars like BMW and Mercedes are exclusively produced in Ludhiana to satisfy the world requirement. It is one of the largest manufacturer of sewing machines. Hand tools and precision industrial equipment is another speciality. The apparel industry Ludhiana is famous all over India for its woolen sweaters and cotton t-shirts; most of the top Indian woolen apparel brands like Octave, Monte Carlo & Miss Grace are based in Ludhiana.
Ludhiana is known for Manufacturing Agricultural Implements and its Spare parts like Rotavator, Till Seed Drill, Combine Harvestors and doing continuous R&D in same sector. Ludhiana is also having Chamber of Industrial and Commercial Undertakings (CICU) which is a non government, not-for-profit, industry lead and industry managed organization playing a proactive role in Punjab’s developmental process. Besides industry, Ludhiana is a major agri-products producer. It is a big centre for dairy product packaging. Ludhiana is also a major trading hub for commodities for North India. It is a major consumer shopping centre with consumers coming from around parts of Punjab to do their big-ticket shopping.
Ludhiana is home to the largest agricultural university in Asia, Punjab Agricultural University. The College of Veterinary Sciences at PAU had been recently upgraded to the Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Science University (GADVASU). Guru Nanak Dev Engineering College, Bhutta College of Engineering And Technology and Ludhiana College of Engineering & Technology are three main colleges offering quality education in engineering. Guru Nanak Dev Engineering College is a very old and renowned institution offering best available facilities and education for engineering students.Research & development centre for bicycle and sewing machine. There are other institutes catering to local and surrounding areas such as Institute of Banking Services (IBS).
Ludhiana is also becoming an IT Hub. There are several advanced IT institutes and Finishing schools that provide professional computer education, offering IT Education and Web Development Services]. Students from nearby districts also come to Ludhiana. One can get education in each & every subject on computer stream in Ludhiana. Mainly Programming in all major languages, Graphic Designing, Web Designing, Hardware & Networking, Animation, Audio Video Editing. Ludhiana has also many examination center for all major IT certifications like Microsoft, CISCO, Linux and also Visual Basic etc.
Every Sunday morning, cricket matches are played in most parks and grounds. Football is another game but not passionate like West Bengal or Goa. Due to lack of interest Punjab's most famous football club JCT FC was dissolved in 2011.
Cricket: Punjab Agricultural University's cricket ground is used for many Ranji Trophy matches for Punjab State Team.
Football: Guru Nanak Stadium was the home ground of demolished JCT FC.
Kabaddi: Guru Nanak Stadium is known for the Kabaddi matches along with athletic games. Ludhiana has great passion for the Punjabi game Kabaddi. Two-time Kabaddi world cup's finals are played in Guru Nanak Stadium Ludhiana.
Gulli Danda: Gulli Danda is a traditional game of the Ludhiana villages and part of Punjabi culture but is no longer as popular. It is played in rural or orthodox parts of the state
Kila Raipur Sports Festival: Kila Raipur Sports Festival, popularly known as Rural Olympics, is held annually in Kila Raipur (near Ludhiana), in Punjab, India. Competition is held for major Punjabi rural sports, include cart-race, rope pulling.
Ludhiana is a kind of hub for trade in north India. Chaura Bazaar and also ghumar mandi is the main market. Ludhiana is regarded as the best city in Punjab for shopping. There are about 20 malls in Ludhiana.
With fastest growing population of Ludhiana, the number of Restaurants in Ludhiana is also Increasing. There are Restaurants like McDonald, Pizza Hut, Dominos, KFC, Gigabyte, Subway, Cafe Coffee Day, Chef Sanjeev Kapoor's The Yellow Chilli, Hot Breads, Mayfair Foods, etc. The famous sweet Shops in Ludhiana are Lovely Sweets(dandi swami Road), Bikanerwala,Sartaj bikaneri, Khushi Ram etc. There are various Bars and Pubs in Ludhiana. Ludhiana now is the first city in Punjab to have a restaurant with its own micro-brewery where fresh beer is prepared in-house, The Restaurant is named The BrewMaster and is located in the WestEnd Mall on Ferozpur road. The Main Market in Sarabha Nagar has many Restrauants.It also has some famous snacks and namkeens shops such as Sartaj bikaneri, Sita rams etc.
Parks and Gardens:
Ludhiana is mixture of Urban and Rural race. Ludhiana dist. has great history in agriculture, due to fertile soil no forest is left. Farming, Industry and human occupancy used most of the land. But still Ludhiana holds some beautiful gardens and public places. City is covered bye farming land from each side but inside very parks are still existing for relaxation, walking and picnic.