Karnal is a city and the headquarters of Karnal District in the Indian state of Haryana
. It was also known as Karnaal, Kurnaul or Karnaul during the British Raj.Karnal is governed by a municipal corporation that comes under the Karnal Metropolitan Region. Karnal was once the site of a cantonment of the British East Indian Company army established in the year 1805 A.D.
Karnal is said to have been founded by the Kauravas in the Mahabharata era for the king Karna, a mythological hero and a key figure in the epic tale. It is midway between Delhi and Chandigarh, being 123 km (76 mi) north of Delhi and 126 km (78 mi) south of Chandigarh, on the National Highway NH-1, which is famous as the Grand Trunk Road. Delhi and Chandigarh can be reached from Karnal within 2 hours using the very high frequency bus service provided by the Haryana Roadways. Karnal is the Headquarters of Karnal Range under Inspector General of Police including Karnal, YamunaNagar, Kurukshetra
Karnal is very famous for its World
class research and development institutes, namely Central Soil Salinity Research Institute (CSSRI), National Dairy Research Institute
(NDRI), Directorate of Wheat Research (DWR), National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (NBAGR), Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), and the Regional Centre of Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU). The production of very high-quality basmati rice and lush green pastures.
Agricultural & Dairy Research Hub:
Karnal is a Major Center of Agricultural and Dairy Research with the World Class Famous & Prestigious Research Institutes such as:
National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI)-
It is Asia
's Largest Diary Research Institute, a Deemed University & which also has been designated as a Agriculture Hub for Haryana , Punjab, Himachal Pradesh etc in 2012.
Regional Station of Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI)-
Karnal Bunt, a major disease of wheat which was first discovered in 1931 in IARI,Regional Station Karnal and that is how it got that name. Now it is one of the premier center for producing and distribution of high quality seeds of various cereal crops (basmati rice and wheat) and vegetables.
Transport and Communication: