Kalyaneshwari temple at Kalyaneshwari in Asansol subdivision of Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal is located on the banks of Barakar River, about 5 kilometres (3.1 mt) downsream from Maithon Dam of Damodar Valley Corporation. The Barakar River forms the West Bengal-Jharkhand border. It is about 7 kilometres (4.3 mt) from Barakar on Grand Trunk Road and about 1 kilometre (0.62 mt) off the recently constructed NH 2 by-pass.
Kalyaneshwari is a 500-year old centre of Shakti worship. Legend has it that human sacrifices were offered at Kalyaneshwari in the remote past. The present temple, however, is not very old and was constructed by Panchakot Raj. The temple of Goddess Kalyaneshwari is believed to fulfill the wishes of childless women.