Hosur is a town and a municipality in Krishnagiri district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is the headquarters of the Hosur Taluk of Krishnagiri district. It is located about 40 kilometres (25 mt) south east of Bangalore, 48 kilometres (30 mt) north west of Krishnagiri, the district headquarters and 306 kilometres (190 mt) west of Chennai, the state capital. Hosur is known for its expanding manufacturing industries and its pleasant climate.
Rock paintings and carvings suggest that the area has been occupied during the Paleolithic, Neolithic, and Mesolithic ages. Hosur is said to be more than 800 years old on modern Era. Hosur was found by King Rama Nathan during the year 1290. He also belonged to Hoysala Dynasty. The rule of Hoysala Dynasty came to an end after Pallavarayar III died during the war with [Pandya] king Maravarman Sundara Pandyan. The Chandira Choodeswarar Temple located on the hill top, was built by the Hoysala Dynasty King, Thirupuvanamalla Barvatharaja Anthiyazhvar, in the year 1260 AD. The temple was renovated by Azhakiya Perumal Aathimoolam.
During British period, Salem collector Walton Illiat Lockardt, made Hosur the Head quarters for Salem district. Hosur was constituted as a Selection Grade Town Panchayat in the 1962. And it was upgraded to Second Grade Municipality in the Year 1992. In the year 1998 it was upgraded to Selection Grade Municipality vide G.O. (MAWS) No.85 Dtd. 22.05.1998. In 2011 Vide Go.no.127 dt.08.09.2011 town panchayat Mathigiri, Village Panchayats Zuzuvadi, Mookandapalli, Avalapalli, Chennathur included in Hosur Municipality. On 1980s industrialization began with the help of SIPCOT and Hosur became a Industrial Town. After that the basic development started taking place.
Hosur experiences a tropical savanna climate with distinct wet and dry seasons. Due to its high elevation, Hosur usually enjoys a more moderate climate throughout the year, with occasional heat waves. The coolest month is January with an average low temperature of 17.1°C and the hottest month is April with an average high temperature of 33.6 °C. Winter temperatures rarely drop below 12°C, and summer temperatures seldom exceed 36°C. Hosur receives rainfall from both the northeast and the southwest monsoons and the wettest months are September, October and August, in that order.
The National Highway 207 NH 207 starts from Hosur in Tamil Nadu and it ends at Dobbasapete in Karnataka. National Highway 44 NH 44 (Old Number NH7) is starting from (Varanasi or Banaras) in Utter Pradesh and it ends at Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu also passing through this city. This city has well connected by road and rail network.
Hosur IT Park:
- Bus Station: Hosur have a satellite Bus station at the center of city name on Ammarar K. Appavu Pillai Ex. President of Hosur. In August 31st 2007 old Bus Stand was demolished and it was re-constructed as a new modern satellite Bus station and it opened on July 18th 2010.
- Railway Station: Hosur has a railway station, located on the Bangalore-Salem railway line and falls under the Bangalore Division of the South Western Railway. Hosur is well connected to Bangalore, Coimbatore, Madurai, Tiruchchirapalli, Mysore, Mumbai and New Delhi by rail.
- Air Port: The Hosur Aerodrome is owned by Taneja aerospace and aviation Limited (TAAL) it was established in 1994 as the India's first private sector company to manufacture General Aviation aircraft in India. It has 7012 feet long and 150 feet wide runway. The nearest airport is the Bengaluru International Airport at Devanahalli, about 80 km from Hosur.
There have been plans for the development of an Information Technology Special Economic Zone at Vishwanathapuram in Hosur. ELCOT has called for applications for the allotment of land in the IT Park of Hosur in the month of June 2010. Hosur also called as Little Japan
for its large number of industries found here.
A rich variety of fruits and vegetables are cultivated in Hosur. The land is very fertile and there is significant access to fresh water as well as trained labor. Crops consist of tomatoes, cabbages, onions, mangoes, capsicum, carrot, cucumber, beans, coriander leaves, noolkol, radish. It has a large vegetable wholesale market of 250 shops which caters south India with daily 100 lorry loads. Hosur and its surrounding area contribute to making the Krishnagiri district the largest producers of mangos in India.
Hosur exports most of the roses from India. Madhagondapalli near Hosur, is the home to TANFLORA, the largest exporter of roses to various European countries during Valentine's Day. The roses grown by the growers are collected and processed in the post harvest facilities of Tanflora, packed and marketed under the brand name of Tanflora, primarily exported to Europe
, Middle East, Far East and Japan. Also due to increase in domestic market, good quantities of flowers are sold in domestic market mainly in Delhi, Hyderabad, Chennai etc.
District Livestock Farm (Hosur):
Hosur Cattle Farm was started in 1824 by the British in an area of 1641.41 acres. The Tamil Nadu government maintains this green belt, along with a livestock research station focused on rare breeds of cattle, horse, poultry, sheep. A golf club is being planned by the district administration.
Central Sericultural Germplasm Resources Centre (CSGRC), Hosur:
The center was established in 1991 at hosur. It has a mandate to collect, protect and conserve mulberry and silkworm germplasm resources. This is also a National Repository Centre for mulberry germplasm and a National Active Germplasm Site (NAGS) for mulberry germplasm under NBPGR. Over 10 Scientists are engaged in collection and conservation activity. For exchange and dissection of information the center has developed on-line multiple query based Mulberry Germplasm Information System (MGIS).