Harmukh (also known as Mount Haramukh or Harmukh mountain) is a mountain with a peak elevation of 16,870 ft (5,142 metres), in Ganderbal
district of Jammu
. Harmukh is part of the Himalaya Range, and is located between Nallah Sindh in the south and Neelum River
in the north, rises from Gangabal Lake
in the vicinity of Kashmir Valley
. It is mostly climbed from the northwestern side of Arin Bandipore
Harmukh is considered a sacred mountain, by Hindus having Gangabal lake at its foot. According to Hindu mythology, Harmukh is the abode of Lord Shiva. According to the legend of "Hurmukhuk Gosoni"
Harmukh lies in the northwestern Himalayan Range. The Karakoram Range borders it on the north and the Kashmir valley on the south. Melt waters from glaciers, form Gangabal Lake which lies at its foot to the north east side and contribute significantly to the regional fresh-water supply, and irrigation through Nallah Sindh. This Himalayan Range lies along the southern edge of the Eurasian tectonic plate and is made up of ancient sedimentary rocks (more than 390 million years old).
Those strata were folded and thrust-faulted, and granite masses were intruded, when the Indian plate collided with Eurasia, beginning more than 100 million years ago. Harmukh means same in all sides is notable for its local relief as well as it is a consistently steep pyramid, dropping quickly in east and south directions. The east side is the steepest.
The easiest route among the different routes of Harmukh is via Arin Bandipore, 47 km motorable road from Srinagar
to Arin and 18 kilometers of high altitude alpine tract leads to the base of Harmukh. Another track leads from Naranag
to the base of Harmukh at Gangabal Lake, but it is a steep climb.