Hanumangarh is a city in northern Rajasthan state in western India, situated on the banks of the river Ghaggar, located about 400 km from Delhi. It is the administrative seat of Hanumangarh District. The city was once called Bhatner (alternatively spelled Bhatnair) because it was a stronghold of Bhati Rajputs.
As of 2001 India census, Hanumangarh had a population of 129,654. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Hanumangarh has an average literacy rate of 65%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 72%, and female literacy is 57%. In Hanumangarh, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age. The major languages spoken are Bagri or Punjabi.