Ghaziabad is a planned industrial city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is 19 km east of Delhi and 46 km southwest of Meerut. The city houses the headquarters of the Ghaziabad district. It was initially part of the Meerut district after independence, until the time when — due to political intervention — Ghaziabad was separated and given a new district status. It is a large industrial city well-connected by roads and railways. It has industries that Maintenance of electric locomotive & EMU Trains, manufacture railway Wagons, bicycles, tapestries, glassware, pottery, paint and varnish, heavy chains, etc. Also it has Bharat Electronics Limited for manufacturing defense products.
There are manufacturers of railway wagons at Modern Industry, Sahibabad, and Indian Railways has an Electric Locomotive & EMU Car Maintenance Shed in the city. The Shed is one of the largest and most modern. Other industries include the manufacture of diesel engines, electroplating, bicycles, picture tubes, tapestries, glassware, pottery, vegetable oil, paint and varnish, heavy chains, automobile pistons and rings, steel pharmaceuticals, and liquor. It is one of the most industrialized cities in Uttar Pradesh. A growing business sector is that of high tech plant growth boosters.
Ghaziabad is one of the largest railway junctions, handling more than 100 long distance trains every day, in addition to the numerous suburban trains to Delhi. Ghaziabad is the city that gives highest revenue in the state of Uttar Pradesh and second maximum in India. Indirapuram and Crossings Republik are the two big sub cities of Ghaziabad.
Zilla Ghaziabad, a movie set to release in 2012, is set in the city, and portrays the Mafia-wars and the Gangwars of the 80's and early 90's, which dominated the social backdrop of the city during that period. A part of the 1978 blockbuster "Trishul" starring Amitabh Bachchan and Shashi Kapoor amongst others, was shot in the city. The song sequence for "mohabbat bade kaam ki cheez hai" was shot inside the Mohan Nagar Industrial estate.