Dibrugarh is a city, and the headquarters of Dibrugarh district, in Assam, India. It is the one of the largest cities of Assam. The district of Dibrugarh, having only one sub-division, is situated in the eastern part of Assam. Dibrugarh is an important city of Assam, along with Guwahati, Jorhat, and Silchar, and it is one of the more affluent districts of Assam. Dibrugarh district is surrounded by Dhemaji district in the north and a part of Lakhimpur district in the north-west, part of Sivasagar district to the west, and Tinsukia district in the east.
Dibrugarh, being the District headquarter, is the hub of all economic development/activities happening around the district. Economic activities in the district is dominated by two major industries: Oil and natural gas, Tea production and Fertilizer. It was in Digboi, 50 miles (80 km) from Dibrugarh, that the first oil well was dug during the British era. Today, Duliajan, Hugrijan and Moran are the key locations for oil and gas industry in the district. Duliajan also happens to be the headquarter of the Public Sector Undertaking Oil India Limited.
Apart from this, Dibrugarh district boasts of the highest amount of tea production in India. There are several Tea Gardens dating back to the British era. The first garden was at Chabua, a place 20 miles (32 km) away from Dibrugarh. Dibrugarh is also famous for wood and woodworks, plywood factories in Margherita, cane and bamboo furniture, etc. Cottage industries specializing in production of Assam silk (Muga Silk), phulam gamosa (a traditional piece of cloth, used as ornate head-scarf as well as towel), mekhela chador (the famous traditional pure silk dress of Assam state). Chador are also in vogue.
Dibrugarh is also known as the medical town of Assam. The first medical college of Assam, Assam Medical College AND HOSPITAL was established in Dibrugarh during British era. Formerly it was known as Berry White Medical College.Also, there is a proposal to establish a nursing college in the AMCH premises. There are large number of nursing homes and diagnostic centers offering ultra modern medical facilities.
Major Tourist Destinations:
- Jokai Botanical Garden Cum Germplasm Center: Jokai Botanical Garden cum Germplasm Center spread over an area of 1.2 Ha. amidst Jokai Reserve Forest is 12 km from Dibrugarh town on Mancotta-Khamtighat road. Apart from the storehouse of germplasm of some of the valuable and endangered species of flora of this region, the center is a showcase of what this region has in terms of floral biodiversity. The various zones of this center include Orchid house, Medicinal and aromatic plants plot, Rainforest specimen plot, a water pond etc. Added attractions to visit this botanical garden are Elephant ride to have an overview of the richness of Jokai Reserve Forest, a retreat to scenic beauty of Era-suti along northern boundary of Jokai Reserve Forest famous for migratory birds.
- Koli Aai Thaan: Koli Aai Thaan is a very famous tourist spot of Dibrugarh, which is dedicated to Koli Aai, the daughter of the head priest of the Dibaru Satra of Assam. It is said that due to the lack of male heir, the satra started disappearing. However, Koli Aai kept the Satra alive by preaching its ideals and principles. It is believed that Koli Aai was bestowed with divine powers and she vanished from the site one day, leaving behind a strong religious hold in the minds of the people.
- Namphake Village: At a distance of about 37 km from the township of Dibrugarh, on the banks of the river Burhidihing, is the Namphake village of Assam. A very beautiful Buddhist monastery is located in this area. This monastery is regarded as a meditation center, due to its unique natural settings and serene atmosphere. It also serves as a very famous tourist attraction of Assam. Apart from this, the other attractions of the area are Nong Mungchiringta (Musulinda tank), Ashoka Pillar, Pagoda, and traditional stilt houses. The Princess of Thailand visited the village in 2009 and spoke with the residents. Apparently, despite the distance, the language and modern Thai have so much in common they are mutually intelligible.
- Dehing Namti Satra: Around 8 miles from the town of Naharkatia, on the banks of river Disang (under Sasoni mouza), is the age old Dehing Namti Satra of Assam. The satra was established by Binandashyam Gohain and was initially situated between the roads of Hologuri and Sariyahtoli, in Dibrugarh. The current location of one of the chief wings of the satra is at Namti, in Nazira.
- Raidangia Dol: Raidangia Dol is found in the Kalakhuwa area of Laruah mauza, under the Barbaruah Dev Block of Assam. Established in 700 AD, by Swargodeo Pramatta Singha, the place was originally dedicated to the worship of Lord Vishn. Later on, it became famous as Shiva Col. The dol contains relics of the powerful Ahom Kingdom. Initially, 24 statues were found engraved on the walls of the temple, but now only 14 of them are to be found. There is a large pond situated just adjacent to the temple. It is said that the dol, along with the pond and 200 pura, was given as a dowry when Swargadeo Pramatta Singha married his sister to Raidnogia Barua.
- Barbarua Maidam: At a distance of 14 km to the south of Dibrugarh, just adjacent to the NH37, there are two ancient graveyards that were raised to honor two officials of the Ahom Dynasty. Historian Sarbananda Rajkumar believes that these two maidams or graveyards were erected for Bura Dihinigia Barbarua and Deka Dihingia Barbarua. Apart from these, there are several other smaller maidams at the same site, which were constructed to honor other soldiers of the same regime.
- Sarumechlow And Bormechow Maidam: These two maidams are found in the Lengeri mouza locality of Dibrugarh city and are said to be the graveyards of Sarumechlow and Bormechow, who were the queens of King Sukhampha Khura (1552–1611) of the Ahom regime.
- Lekai Chetia Maidam: This maidam is dedicated to Lekai Chetia, an officer of the Ahom Kingdom, during the term of Swargadeo Pratapsingha. Located in the Sessa area, near Mankata road of the Dibrugarh district, the maidam has now become a revered spot in Assam.
- Bahikhowa Maidam: The Bahikhowa Maidam is found in the Khowang Tea Estate area of Dibrugarh. This graveyard is dedicated to Bahikhowa Dasarath Dowerah. He was the Chief of the Army staff of Ahoms, during the reign of Swargodeo Rajeswar Singha. Apart from this huge maidam, there are several other smaller maidams located in the nearby places, but all of them are in ruins now.
- Dehing Satra: The ruins that are seen on the banks of the Dehing River under Larua mouza in present Dibrugarh, was a very famous satra during the rule of the Ahom king Rajeswar Singha. During the famous Moamoria revolution, the satra received royal support from Rajeswar Singha and also from a number of other kings like Lakhi Singha and Gaurinath Singha.
- Airport: Mohanbari Airport, which is located around 15 km from the city,. Airlines operation from the airport are Indian Airlines, Indigo, Jetlite and Pawan Hans Ltd. The Airports Authority of India is planning to make Mohanbari Airport an air hub for the northeastern region, along with Guwahati and Agartala.
- Railways: Dibrugarh Town Railway Station is one of the Easternmost railway station on the map of the Indian Railways and is connected to some of the important Indian cities (Bangalore, Chennai, Trivandrum, Kolkata, Delhi, Kanyakumari etc.) through a direct broad gauge rail network. A new Station is opened Recently Named As Dibrugarh Junction
- Roads: During 1990s, means of transport within the town was largely City Buses and rickshaws. Later, auto rickshaws, locally known as "Vikram", were introduced as means of transport. For inter-city journey luxury buses plying between important destinations within Assam and other neighbouring states from Assam State Transport Corporation's (ASTC) bus stand at frequent interval.