Dhar is located in the Malwa region of western Madhya Pradesh state in central India. In the quiet town of Dhar, the shards of history glint like bright chips of glass in an adobe wall. For centuries, conquerors had marched down the old caravan route that stretches through Dhar, linking Delhi to the Deccan. Here, they had rested, built their monuments, and then moved on. The people of Dhar had welcomed them, accepted their presence and their presents, and continued unperturbed with their normal way of life when the kings and their armies had departed.
History records that the first great ruler of Dhar was from the Parmar dynasty: a feudal family from the Deccan who became Rajas in the 10th century after asserting their independence. Vairasinha Parmar conquered Dhar in the 10century AD and made it his capital. The greatest of the Parmar rulers of Dhar, however, was the legendary Raja Bhoj: warrior, statesman, visionary and scholar who ruled from 1010 to 1055.