Khambhat formerly known as Cambay, is a city and a municipality in Anand
district in the Indian state of Gujarat
. It was formerly an important trading center, although its harbour has gradually silted up, and the maritime trade has moved elsewhere. Khambhat lies on an alluvial plain at the north end of the Gulf of Khambhat, which is noted for the extreme rise and fall of its tides, which can vary as much as thirty feet in the vicinity of Khambhat. Khambhat is known for its "Halvasan, Sutar feni and Kites (Patang)". And though being a part of various sources of oil and gas, it is not so developed as compared to other cities around.
Cambay was formerly a flourishing city, the seat of an extensive trade, and celebrated for its manufactures of silk, chintz and gold stuffs. The Arab traveller, al-Mas'udi, visited the city in 915 AD, describing it as a very successful port; it was mentioned in 1293 by Marco Polo, who, calling it Cambaet, noted it as a busy port.Cambay was the capital of a princely state of British India
within the Gujarat division of Bombay.It has an area of 350 square miles (906 km sq). As a separate state it dates only from about 1730, the time of the dismemberment of the Mughal empire.