Baramati is a city and a municipal council in Pune district in the state of Maharashtra, India. Agriculture is the main occupation of the people of Baramati. The main food crops grown include sugarcane, grapes, and wheat. Grapes and sugar are exported to markets in the Middle East and Europe. Cattle rearing is also becoming an important occupation, as many big cattle rearing projects have been established.
Baramati is a well known historical place in Maharashtra. It is situated on the banks of the river Karha. The town has historical significance because of Kavi Moropant and Shri. Babuji Naik.Kavi Moropant was a gifted poet who was known for his style of shloka called 'Arya". He has written many books such as 'Kekavali', 'Harivijay' etc.
Baramati was ruled by the Yadavas of Devgiri. After the fall of the Yadav rule, it was immersed in the reign of Bahamas of Gulbarga. Fortunately, we find very authentic and credible historical references of Baramati's History in the books of Dr. Shejwalkar and Mr. Grant Duff- the well known historians.
According to Duff, Nijam Shah of Ahemednagar, being a tributary, gifted Baramati to Malojiraje Bhosale (grandfather of legendary Maratha king Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj), in 1603. Thus Baramati was ruled by Bhonsale and later on it was included in the reign of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.
After Aurangzeb's death, it was won by the Marathas. Around 1745, Shahu Maharaj handed over the charge of Baramati to Babuji Naik. He was the great administrator as well as the patron of arts and religion.
Baramati hosts two old temples which are built around 750. One of them is of Shri Kashivishweshwar - based on the West Bank of the river, the other is of Shri Siddheshwar, located on the east bank of the river. Sidheshwar Temple is considered an architectural masterpiece. The temple is located near Babuji Naik's Mansion, which houses a gigantic idol of Nandi. References to both these temples are in the great epic "Shiv Lilamrut" by another famous poet, Shridhar Swami.
Baramati is well connected by road with major cities in the State. Baramati is 100 km from Pune by road. It connects to major highways via the road network. Baramati is also well connected by Rail Network to Pune via Daund Junction.
Baramati has an airport (Baramati Airport) which currently hosts a Flying School. Baramati is considered to be one of the future domestic airports in the region, with the runway being extended in length to accommodate larger aircraft.
The condition of roads in the city is very good and there is a ring road built around the periphery of the city.