'Bannerghatta Biological Park is carved out of the Bannerghatta National Park in the year 2002. is situated 22 km south of Bangalore, Karnataka, India. The journey to the park takes nearly one and a half hours from Bangalore. This hilly place is the home for one of the richest natural, zoological reserves. The 25,000 acre (104.27 km²) zoological park makes this a major tourist attraction of Bangalore.
The Bannerghatta Tiger and Lion Reserve has the reserve of Indian tigers including white tigers, lions and other mammals. Founded during the time that Shri Y.M.L Sharma was Chief Conservator of Forests of Karnataka after he wrote to the Central Government to grant land for a 'National Park in Bannerghatta near Bangalore'. A Tiger & Lion Safari and Grand Safari(including herbivores) - conducted by the KSTDC, aid in the funding of the reserve. The Tiger Reserve of the park has been recognised by the Forest Department of India.
- Altitude: Around 800 to 1020 meters above sea level
- Visiting hours: 9AM to 5PM
- Holiday: Closed on Tuesday
- Best time: September to January
- How to reach:(bus routes) 365 from majestic, 366 from market, 368 from shivajinagar, G-4 from Brigade Road,365M from Yelahanka Satellite Town,366P from Bagalkunte,G4 from Brigade Road junction, AC4 from Shivajinagar.
There is a small museum in the zoo which showcases zoological exhibits. The zoo, which is a major attraction in this area, also has a reptile park and a small theatre. The zoo has been criticised for the maintenance of its exhibits. The Zoo is closed on Tuesdays (weekly holiday).
In 1992 a tiger named Tim, killed and ate a small girl, the girl was travelling on a safari with her family in a private vehicle and the family had stepped out to take photographs, the grandfather and the girl strayed too close to the tigers and the tiger ate her. The grandfather was mauled a little bit.
The country's first Butterfly Park was established at the Bannerghatta Biological Park. It was inaugurated on Saturday November 25, 2006 by Kapil Sibal, Union Minister of Science and Technology. The Butterfly Park is spread across 7.5 acres (30,000 m2) of land. It comprises a butterfly conservatory, museum and an audio-visual room. The butterfly conservatory has a polycarbonate roof and is a 10,000 sq ft (1,000 m²). circular enclosure, inside which the living environment has been carefully designed to support over 20 species of butterflies.
The environment has a tropical setting — complete with the humid climate, an artificial waterfall,a narrow walking bridge and host plants and shrubs that attract butterflies. The conservatory leads to the second and third domes, which house the museum containing dioramas and exhibits of carefully preserved,exquisite butterflies.
The park surroundings are a biological reserve belonging to the forest dept. and are home to elephant, leopards, deer and various other animals. The reserve belongs to an Elephant Corridor and is connected with the B.R. Hills, Sathyamangalam forest areas extending all the way up to Waynad.
Occasional news have reported about spotting elephants on the Bannerghatta-Anekal
Road passing close to the Biological Reserve. There was also an incident reported of a leopard entering a school premises with her cubs and the school had to be shut down for 3 days.