The Nymphenburg Palace, i.e. "Nymph's Castle", is a Baroque palace in Munich
, southern Germany
. The palace was the main summer residence of the rulers of Bavaria.
The palace was commissioned by the prince-electoral couple Ferdinand Maria and Henriette Adelaide of Savoy to the designs of the Italian architect Agostino Barelli in 1664 after the birth of their son Maximilian II Emanuel. The central pavilion was completed in 1675.
- The central pavilion - The palace, together with its park, is now one of the most famous sights of Munich. The baroque facades comprise an overall width of about 700 metres. The Steinerner Saal (Stone Hall) in the central pavilion, with ceiling frescoes by Johann Baptist Zimmermann and F. Zimmermann and decorations by François de Cuvilliés, is an impressive sight.Acting as a grand hall, it occupies over three floors of the central pavilion of the palace. The central ceiling fresco is Helios in his chariot, accompanied by other gods.
- The southern pavilions and wings - The former small dining room of the inner southern pavilion houses the famous attraction Gallery Of Beauties of King Ludwig I of Bavaria. On behalf of the king of the court painter Joseph Karl Stieler has portrayed 36 "beautiful" women from all social classes of Munich, the best known of these are the shoemaker's daughter Helene Sedlmayr and Louis longstanding infamous mistress, Lola Montez.In the former royal stables in the south wing is the Carriage Museum (Marstallmuseum), with one of the greatest coach collections in Europe.
- The northern pavilions and wings - The inner northern pavilion is generally inaccessible, the outer northern pavilion houses the chapel, whose ceiling painting deals with the life of St. Mary Magdalene.In the north wing, the Museum of Man And Nature is housed since 1990.
The 200-hectare (490-acre) park, once an Italian garden (1671), which was enlarged and rearranged in French style by Dominique Girard, a pupil of Le Notre, was finally redone in the English manner during the early 19th century by Friedrich Ludwig von Sckell, on behalf of prince-elector Charles Theodore.Two lakes are situated on both sides of the canal. The "Dörfchen" was created under Maximilian III Joseph as Petit hameau.
The main building alone has more than 300,000 visitors per year. Nymphenburg Palace lies ahead the Munich Residence and Schleissheim Palace
, but clearly behind the castles of King Ludwig II, especially Neuschwanstein.
Schloss Nymphenburg is accessible by Munich public transport's tram number 17. This line passes through the city centre, including Stachus and the main train station.