The Tuileries Garden (French: Jardin des Tuileries) is a public garden located between the Louvre Museum and the Place De La Concorde in the 1st arrondissement of Paris. Created by Catherine de Medicis as the garden of the Tuileries Palace in 1564, it was eventually opened to the public in 1667, and became a public park after the French Revolution. In the 19th and 20th century, it was the place where Parisians celebrated, met, promenaded, and relaxed.
The Grand Carré of the Tuileries:
The Grand Carré is the eastern, open part of the Tuilieries garden, which still follows the formal plan of the Garden à la française created André LeNôtre in the 17th century. The eastern part of the Grand Carré, surrounding the round basin, was the private garden of the King under Louis Philippe and Napoleon III, separated from the rest of the Tuileries by a fence. Most of the statues in the Grand Carré were put in place in the 19th century. They include:
- Nymphe (1866) and Diane Chasseresse (Diana the Huntress) (1869), by Louis Auguste Lévêque, which mark the beginning of the central allée which runs east-west trough the park.
- Tigre terrasant un crocodile (Eng Tiger overwhelming a crocodile) (1873) and Tigress portant un paon a ses petits (Tigress bringing a peacock to its young) (1873), both by Auguste Cain, by the two small round basins.
- The large round basin is surrounded by statues on the themes of antiquity, allegory and ancient mythology. Statues in violent poses alternate with those in serene poses. On the south side, starting from the east entrance of the large round basin, they are:
- La Misére ( misery), by Jean-Baptiste Hugues, (1905).
- Périclès distribuant les Couronnes aux artistes (Pericles giving crowns to the artists), by Jean-Baptiste Debay Pėre (1835)
- Le Bon Samaritain (the Good Samaritan) by François Sicard (1896)
- "Alexandre Combattant" (Alexander fighting), by Charles Nanteuil (1836)
- Cincinnatus, by Denis Foyatier (1834)
- Médée, by Paul Jean Baptiste Gasq (1896)
(on the north side, starting at the west entrance to the basin.)
- Le Serment de Spartacus, (the oath of Spartacus), by Louis Ernest Barrias, (1869)
- La ComéDie, by Julien Toussaint Roux (1874)
- Le Centaur Nessus enlevant Dėjanire (The centaur Nessus carrying off Dejanire), by Laurent Honoré Marqueste (1892)
- Thésée combattant le Minotaure (Theseus fighting the Minotaur), by Étienne-Jules Ramey (1821).
- Cassandre se met sous la protection de Pallas, by Aimé Miller, (1877)
- Cain venant de tuer son frére Abel (Cain coming from killing his brother Abel), by Henri Vidal, (1896)