Shirak is a province (marz) of Armenia. It is in the north-west of the country, bordering Turkey in the west and Georgia in the north. Its capital is Gyumri. Shirak is known as the homeland of khash. It is as much semi-desert as it is mountain meadow or high alpine. In the south, the high steppes crash into mountain terrain, verdant green in the spring, hues of reddish brown in the summer. Shirak is served by Shirak International Airport near Gyumri. The province of Shirak consists of the following 119 communities (hamaynkner), of which 3 (bold in the table) are considered urban and 116 are considered rural. The division below is by raion, the administrative subdivisions of Armenia before 1995.