Waterway is a natural harbour in Pembrokeshire
, West Wales
. The Haven is a ria or drowned valley flooded at the end of the last Ice Age. formed by the Pembroke River and the Daugleddau estuary, and winds west to the sea.
As one of the deepest natural harbours in the World
, it is a busy shipping channel, trafficked by ferries from Pembroke Dock to Ireland
, oil tankers and pleasure craft. Admiral Horatio Nelson
, visiting the harbour with the Hamiltons, described it as the next best natural harbour to Trincomalee in Sri Lanka
(then Ceylon) and "the finest port in Christendom".
From the 790s until the Norman Invasion in 1066, the waterway was used occasionally by Vikings looking for shelter. During one visit in 854, the Viking Chieftain Hubba wintered in the Haven with 23 ships, eventually lending his name to the district of Hubberston. Evidence of metal working in the area was recently excavated, suggesting a level of industrialization in the period 750 - 1100.
Shipping port :
Milford Haven has the largest port in Wales, and the third largest port in the United Kingdom
.Shipping operations in Milford Haven are managed by the independent Milford Haven Port Authority as a trust port. The port authority has responsibility for managing Milford Docks, Milford Marina and Pembroke Port and Ferry Terminal. In 2012, it was announced that the Milford waterway was to be declared an Enterprise Zone by the coaltion government, due to its importance to the energy sector.
Cruise terminal :
The port authority started promoting Pembrokeshire as a cruise destination in 2003 and passenger numbers have steadily increased since then. In July 2008, the first transatlantic liner, the Maasdam arrived in Milford Haven.