The Sierra Nevada National Park (PNSN) is an important National Park of Venezuela located between Mérida and Barinas states in the west of the country. It was created on May 2, 1952 by decree of President Germán Suárez Flamerich, in order to protect the Sierra Nevada de Mérida in the Andes.It was the second national park decreed, after Henri Pittier National Park, which became the first Venezuelan national park 15 years earlier.
The Sierra Nevada is an area of great ecological importance for Venezuela, for preservation of the ecosystem of the tallest in the country, where mountain ranges are located at higher altitudes of the Venezuelan Andes, including the Pico Bolívar, the highest geographical in Venezuela with 4,978 m.
For the type of weather that gives the park, it has developed into one of the largest shelter and space for hundreds of animal species. One of the largest species can be found in the park is the Spectacled Bear, besides being the only representative of the family Ursidae in the Andes, is one of the endangered species.Among other species of wildlife living in the Sierra Nevada are: the tailed deer, the helmeted curassow, the Puma, the Andean coati, the Andean leopard, the jaguar, the paca and the rabbit of the moor, among other. Among the birds in the park includes the Andean guan, the white-tailed quetzal, the masked trogon, magpies and Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle, some larger species like the Andean condor are now in danger of extinction and is therefore is taking a restocking program in Colombia.
The most popular access to the park is via the Mérida cable car. Another important input is by road through the village of Tabay, for the area of La Mucuy, entering the Park Sierra Nevada making a trip through the lagoons Coromoto, La Verde, El Suero, bordering the picos Humboldt, La Concha, the area basis for up to Pico Bolívar by the south, and reaching the Pico Espejo back south-east.