Cumaná (Spanish pronunciation: [kumaˈna], 824,764 inhabitants) is the capital of Venezuela's Sucre State. It is located 402 km east of Caracas. Cumaná was one of the first settlements founded by Europeans in mainland America; attacks by indigenous peoples meant it had to be re-founded several times. The city, located at the mouth of the Manzanares River on the Caribbean coast in the NE of Venezuela, is home to one of five campuses of the Universidad de Oriente and a busy maritime port, home of one of the largest tuna fleets in Venezuela. The city is close to the Mochima National Park which boasts some of Venezuela's finest beaches.
This beautiful city of Cumaná saw the birth of several national heroes of and contributors to the Venezuelan independence movement, among whom it can count Antonio Jose de Sucre, the ‘Gran Mariscal de Ayacucho’, first among generals and President of Bolivia; and next to him the Brigadier General D. Juan Francisco Echeto, brave fighter for Venezuelan independence who did not allow his multiple battle wounds lessen his thirst for liberty. Cumaná was also fortunate to give birth to eminent poets, writers and politicians like Andrés Eloy Blanco, one of our most important contributors to Latin-American poetry and famous politician; and José Antonio Ramos Sucre, distinguished poet and diplomat.
The city features a wide variety of colonial style architecture that is still in excellent condition. A large old Spanish fort, the Castillo de San Antonio de la Eminencia (Castle of Saint Anthony of the Eminence) can be seen from the beach, which is still open to the public. Also surviving is the Castillo de Santa Maria de la Cabeza, which was built in 1669. The Museo del Mar displays marine and maritime artifacts.