Woodlawn Cemetery is one of the largest cemeteries in New York City and is a designated National Historic Landmark.A rural cemetery located in the Bronx, it opened in 1863,in what was then southern Westchester County, in an area that was annexed to New York City in 1874.The cemetery covers more than 400 acres (160 ha) and is the resting place for more than 300,000 people. There is a memorial to the victims of the 1912 RMS Titanic disaster, called The Annie Bliss Titanic Victims Memorial.
Built on rolling hills, its tree-lined roads lead to some unique memorials, some designed by McKim Mead & White, John Russell Pope, James Gamble Rogers, Cass Gilbert, Carrère and Hastings, Sir Edwin Lutyens, Beatrix Jones Farrand, and John LaFarge. As of 2007, plot prices at Woodlawn were reported as $200 per square foot, $4,800 for a gravesite for two, and up to $1.5 million for land to build a family mausoleum.In 2011, Woodlawn Cemetery was designated a National Historic Landmark, since it shows the transition from the rural cemetery popular at the time of its establishment to the more orderly 20th-century cemetery style.
Burials Moved To Woodlawn
Woodlawn was the destination for many human remains disinterred from cemeteries in more densely populated parts of New York City:
- The Dyckman-Nagle Burying Ground, West 212th Street/9th Avenue Manhattan, was established in 1677 and originally contained 417 plots. In 1905 the remains, with the exception of Staats Long Morris and his family, were removed. By 1927 the Morris graves were moved to Woodlawn Cemetery. The former cemetery is now a subway train yard.
- West Farms Dutch Reformed Church at Boone Avenue and 172nd Street in the Bronx had most of its graves moved to Woodlawn Cemetery.
- Bensonia Cemetery, aka Morrisania Cemetery, was originally a Native American Burial Ground. The graves were moved to Woodlawn Cemetery. PS138, in the Bronx, is now on the site.
- Rutgers Street church graves were moved to Woodlawn Cemetery.