Mesquite is a city located within the Dallas/Ft.Worth area of Texas. As of the 2010 US Census, the population was 139,824. The city was founded May 22, 1873, by a Texas & Pacific Railway engineer who purchased land along the Texas & Pacific line outside of Dallas. The railroad, which ran from Dallas to Shreveport, began stopping at the newly-created town shortly thereafter, and the city began to grow around the railroad. The city was officially incorporated on December 3, 1887. In 1958, the Mesquite Championship Rodeo was established, and in 1959, Big Town Mall opened as the first enclosed shopping mall in the Southwest. The mall was demolished in the summer of 2006.