Columbus was established in 1821, on the legendary site of Montezuma's Indian village by members of Stephen F. Austin's Old Three Hundred. By late December, colonist's Robert H. Kuykendall with his brother Joseph, and Daniel Gilleland had arrived in the area of Columbus. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.9 square miles (10Square kilometers), all land. Columbus is a city in Colorado County, Texas, United States, 74 miles (119km) west of Houston along Interstate 10, on the Colorado River. In 1890, 2,199 people lived in Columbus, Texas; in 1900, there were 1,824 residents.