National Battlefield, a 570-acre (2.3 km2) park along the Stones River in Rutherford County
, three miles (5 km) northwest of Murfreesboro
and twenty-eight miles southeast of Nashville
, memorializes a key battle of the American Civil War that took place on December 31, 1862 and January 2, 1863, which resulted in a strategic Union victory.
The national battlefield was established through the efforts of both private individuals, the Stones River Battlefield and Park Association, the Nashville, Chattanooga
and St. Louis Railway (in 2011, part of CSX Transportation), and by a 1927 act of Congress authorizing a national military park under the jurisdiction of the War Department.