First settled by trappers and traders in 1818, Springfield was originally named as Calhoun. Due to a fertile soil and trading opportunities, it soon became the county seat of Sangamon County luring settlers from Kentucky, Virginia and North Carolina. By 1832 Calhoun renamed itself as Springfield, and was renowned for industrial innovation, concentrated prosperity and the Springfield Armory.
Largely, due to the efforts of Abraham Lincoln and his associates, Springfield became the third and current capital of Illinois in 1839. Lincoln moved to Springfield in 1837, and spent the next 24 years here as an important lawyer and politician until he became the President and moved to the White House in 1861. Even though he was not born here, Lincoln is the most famous resident of Springfield with several tourist attractions and historic sites in some way or the other connecting with him.