The Port of New York
and New Jersey comprises the waterways in the estuary of the New York-Newark
metropolitan area with a port district encompassing an approximate area within a 25-mile (40 km) radius of the Statue of Liberty
National Monument. The system of navigable waters along 650 miles (1,050 km) of shoreline in the vicinity of New York City
and northeastern New Jersey is considered one the finest natural harbors in the World
. The port is by tonnage the third largest in the United States
and the busiest on the East Coast. In 2010 4,811 ships entered the harbor carrying over 32.2 million metric tons of cargo valued at over $175 billion.
There are four container terminals in the port, the combined volume of which makes it the largest on the East Coast, third busiest in the United States, and 20th world-wide. Terminals are leased to different port operators,such as A. P. Moller-Maersk Group, American Stevedoring,NYCT and Global Marine Terminal.
Bulk cargo and marine transfer :
While most consumer goods are transported in containers, other commodities such as petroleum and scrap metal are handled at facilities for marine transfer operations, bulk cargo and break bulk cargo throughout the port, many along its straits and canals. At some locations water pollution has led to inclusion on the list of Superfund sites in the United States.
- Arthur Kill, along its shore the Bayway Refinery and the Chemical Coast
- Kill van Kull at Constable Hook
- Gowanus Canal in South Brooklyn
- Newtown Creek, East River at Greenpoint and Hunter's Point
- Passaic River- from Newark Bay to Passaic
- South Brooklyn Marine Terminal
Car float and Cross Harbor Tunnel
At one time nearly 600,000 rail cars were transferred annually by barge between the region's extensive rail facilities. Today approximately 1,600 are "floated" on the remaining car float in the port.
The golden age of the North Atlantic ocean-liner lasted from the end of the 19th century to the post World War II period after which innovations in air-travel became commercially viable. Many berths for the great ships which lined the North River (Hudson
River) were more or less abandoned by the 1970s.
Nowadays most travel is recreational. While many cruises are to points in the Caribbean there are also ships calling at the port which sail transatlantically and to the Southern Hemisphere, notably RMS Queen Mary 2. The passenger cruise ship terminals in the port are located in the traditional, or inner harbor.
- Cape Liberty Cruise Port, MOTBY, Upper Bay
- Brooklyn Cruise Terminal, Buttermilk Channel, Upper Bay
- New York Passenger Ship Terminal, Hudson River
Ferries and sightseeing
There has been continuous ferry service between Staten Island
and Lower Manhattan
since the 18th century. Travelling across the Upper Bay between South Ferry and St. George Ferry Terminal, the free Staten Island Ferry transports on average 75,000 passengers per day.Service on the East River ended in the early 20th century and on the Hudson River in the 1960s. It has been restored and grown significantly since the 1980s providing regular service to points in Manhattan, mostly below 42nd Street.
- Circle Line Downtown
- Circle Line Sightseeing
- Ellis Island and Liberty Island
- Governor's Island Ferry (seasonal)
- Liberty Water Taxi
- New York Water Taxi
- NY Waterway
- New York Beach Ferry
- Staten Island Ferry
There are both historic and modern lighthouses throughout the port, some of which have been decommissioned
- Ambrose Light, Lower Bay (dismantled 2008)
- Bergen Point Light, Newark Bay (replaced)
- Blackwell Island Light, Roosevelt Island, East River (retired 1940)
- Chapel Hill Rear Range Light, Sandy Hook Bay (deactivated 1957)
- Conover Beacon (front range light), Leonardo
- Coney Island (Nortons Point) Light, Lower New York Bay, Sea Gate, Brooklyn
- Elm Tree Beacon Light, The Narrows, New Dorp, Staten Island
- Execution Rocks Light, Long Island Sound
Tourism and recreation :
Harbor-related historic sites, promenades, nature preserves within the port district include: