Liberty International Airport (IATA: EWR, ICAO: KEWR, FAA LID: EWR), first named Newark Metropolitan Airport and later Newark International Airport, is an international airport which straddles the municipal boundary between Newark and Elizabeth, New Jersey, United States
The airport is owned by the city of Newark and operated by the Port Authority of New York
and New Jersey. It is about 15 miles (24 km) southwest of Midtown Manhattan
in New York City
. Newark Airport was the first major airport in the United States and is the New York-New Jersey metropolitan area's busiest in terms of flights.
The Port of New York and New Jersey
airports combine to create the largest airport system in the United States, second in the World
in terms of passenger traffic, and first in the world in terms of total flight operations. In 2011 Newark Airport handled 33.8 million passengers, JFK International handled 47.8 million, and LaGuardia's just over 24.0 million.
Newark Liberty is the third-largest hub for United Airlines (after Houston and Chicago-O'Hare), which is the airport's largest tenant (operating all of Terminal C and part of Terminal A). Primarily due to this large hub operation, United Airlines is by far the leading carrier in the New York market. Newark's second largest tenant is FedEx Express, whose third largest cargo hub uses three buildings on two million square feet.
Newark Liberty International Airport covers 2,027 acres (820 ha) and has three runways and one helipad:
Most departing traffic use Runway 4L/22R while most arriving traffic use 4R/22L, and 11/29 is used more often by smaller aircraft or when there are strong crosswinds on the two main runways. Newark's two parallel runways (4L and 4R) have a lateral separation of only 900 feet (270 m), which is the fourth smallest of major airports in the U.S., after SFO, LAX and SEA.(Calculated from the lat-lons at the parallel runways are 950 ft (290 m) apart.)
Newark Liberty International Airport has three passenger terminals. Terminal A and Terminal B were completed in 1973 and have four levels. Ticket counters are on the top floor, except for the second-floor Air India
and first-floor British Airways desks. Gates
and shops are on the third floor. An international arrivals lounge (Terminal B) and baggage carousels (both A and B) are on the second floor. Finally, short-term parking and ramp operations (restricted areas) are on the ground floor.
Terminal A is the only terminal having no immigration facilities: flights arriving from other countries cannot use Terminal A (except countries with US customs preclearance), although some departing international flights use the terminal.
Following the business model of the Port Authority's other facilities, in some cases entire terminals are operated by terminal operators and not by the Port Authority directly. At Newark Liberty, Terminal A and Terminal C are operated by United Airlines. Terminal B is the only passenger terminal directly operated by the Authority.
Private limousine, car service, and taxis also provide service to/from the airport. Taxis serving the airport charge a flat rate based on destination. For trips to/from New York, fares are set by the city's Taxi and Limousine Commission. Despite being outside the five boroughs drivers may not refuse to take a passenger to Newark Liberty.
Within the Newark Liberty International Airport complex is a Marriott hotel, the only hotel located on airport property. Shuttle vans operate between the hotel and terminals because the Marriott is not serviced by the monorail and is not accessible on foot. Several hotels are adjacent to Newark Airport including the Hilton Newark Airport Hotel and Renaissance Newark Airport Hotel.