Rome is a city in Oneida County, New York, United States. It is located in north-central or "upstate" New York. It is in New York's 24th congressional district. In 1758, British forces began construction of Fort Stanwix at this strategic location, but it was not completed until 1763. In 1796, the city was founded around the fort and named Lynchville. Some time later, the city's name was changed to Rome, presumably after the Italian city of Rome.
Rome was listed in the 1820 Federal census of Oneida County, but the exact date and reason for the change is unknown. Rome is one of two principal cities in the UticaRome, New York Metropolitan Statistical Area. The city is in the south-central part of the county. In the heart of the Leatherstocking Region made famous by James Fenimore Cooper's Leatherstocking Tales, Rome is known as the City of American History.