New Lebanon is a town in Columbia County, New York, U.S., 24 miles (39km) southeast of Albany. In 1910, 1,378 people lived in New Lebanon, New York. The town of New Lebanon is in the northeast part of Columbia County. US 20 crosses the town. New Lebanon was formed from the town of Canaan in 1818. New Lebanon was the main spiritual home of the Shakers. The Mount Lebanon Shaker Society had 609 members in 1864. The most historic structures now belong to the Shaker Museum and Library.