New Oxford is a borough in Adams County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 1,783 at the 2010 census. Within New Oxford there are several large manufacturing plants. Among these are Winter Gardens, which manufactures products such as chicken salad; Yazoo Mills, which manufactures paper products; Pilgrim's Pride, which processes turkeys; and Aero Energy, which refurbishes propane and C02 containers for Blue Rhino. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2), all of it land.