The land comprising Bridgewater was originally part of a town known as New Chester, which was separated into Bridgewater, Bristol, Hill, Danbury, and Wilmot. The town name was chosen because many of the settlers were from Bridgewater, Massachusetts. As of the census of 2000, there were 974 people, 414 households, and 289 families residing in the town. The population density was 45.8 people per square mile (17.7/km). There were 850 housing units at an average density of 40.0 per square mile (15.4/km). The racial makeup of the town was 99.08% White, 0.10% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.21% from other races, and 0.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.62% of the population.