Administered as National Wildlife Refuge by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Navassa Island is a small 5.2 square kilometer, uninhabited island located within the Caribbean Sea. Also claimed by Haiti, it is strategically situated 160 kilometers to the south of the U.S. Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay. There is presently no economic activity on the uninhabited Navassa Island, which only at times serves as a transient Haitian fishermen camp. Ringed by 30 to 50 feet high vertical White cliffs, Navassa Island has enough grass lands to support a few goat-herds.
With no airstrips of harbors, off-shore Anchorage is the only option available for visitors to explore Navassa Island Moreover, visitors are also required to seek prior permission from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Office before venturing into these territories. A Center of guano mining in the historic past, subsistence fishing and commercial trawling are the only activities Navassa Island witnesses now.