Rome is a town in Kennebec County, Maine, United States. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 31.7 square miles (82 sq.km), of which, 25.4 square miles (66 sq.km) of it is land and 6.3 square miles (16 sq.km) of it (19.88%) is water. Rome includes the northern portions of Long Pond and Great Pond. The ponds abounded in trout, perch and pickerel. By 1859, Rome had one sawmill, one gristmill, and one shingle mill, although agriculture remained the principal occupation. By 1870, when the population was 725, it had two post officesRome and Belgrade Mills.