In 1862, during the Civil War, Confederate sympathizers met in the Russellville Convention and created a Confederate government for Kentucky. Kentucky had previously declared its neutrality and did not officially secede, so the Southern sympathizers formed an alternate government after the state's government had been taken over by Union supporters. This pro-Confederate government was recognized by the Confederacy, which admitted Kentucky to that nation and placed a star for Kentucky on the Confederate flag. Outlaw Jesse James and his gang robbed the Southern Deposit Bank in Russellville on March 20, 1868. A Russellville bank on the city square has a large mural depicting the hold up. Russellville conducts a reenactment of the robbery (called a "play on horseback") during the annual Tobacco and Heritage Festival.