Kapaa means solid in Hawaiian. The town is located in the ancient district of Puna, in the Kapaa ahupuaa or county. Ahupuaa were pie shaped wedges of land that stretched from mountain to sea allowing its inhabitants the full range of landscapes and climates. The famous "Sleeping Giant" or Nounou Mountain overlooks the town. Agriculture was a big industry throughout most of the 19th and 20th centuries. Sugar cane was grown along with the largest pineapple fields on Kauai. A pineapple cannery was located where the Pono Kai condominiums now stand.