Richmond is a city largely within Wayne Township, Wayne County, in east central Indiana, United States, which borders Ohio. The city also includes the Richmond Municipal Airport, which is in Boston Township and separated from the rest of the city. It is sometimes called the "cradle of recorded jazz" because some early jazz records were made here at the studio of Gennett Records, a division of the Starr Piano Company. Richmond is the county seat of Wayne County, and in the 2010 census, it had a population of 36,812. The city has twice received the All-America City Award, most recently in 2009.
Richmond is noted for its rich stock of historic architecture. In 2003, a book entitled Richmond Indiana: Its Physical Development and Aesthetic Heritage to 1920 by Cornell University architectural historians, Michael and Mary Raddant Tomlan, was published by the Indiana Historical Society. Particularly notable buildings are the 1902 Pennsylvania Railroad Station designed by Daniel Burnham of Chicago and the 1893 Wayne County Court House designed by James W. McLaughlin of Cincinnati.
Local architects of note include John A. Hasecoster, William S. Kaufman and Stephen O. Yates. The significance of the architecture has been recognized. Five large districts, such as the Depot District, and several individual buildings are listed in the National Register of Historic Places, the Historic American Buildings Survey and the Historic American Engineering Record.
- Richmond has four colleges
- Richmond is home to two seminaries
- Richmond High School
- Seton Catholic High School
- New Creations Christian School
Points of Interest
- Richmond is the headquarters of the Friends United Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers).
- Hayes Arboretum
- Wayne County Historical Museum
- Richmond Art Museum
- Indiana Football Hall of Fame
- Gaar Mansion (house museum)
- Joseph Moore Museum at Earlham College
- Glen Miller Park and Madonna of the Trail statue
- Richmond Downtown Historic District
- Old Richmond Historic District
- Starr Historic District
- Richmond Railroad Station Historic District
- Reeveston Place Historic District
- East Main Street-Glen Miller Park Historic District
- Reid Memorial Presbyterian Church (Louis Comfort Tiffany-designed interior and windows, Hook and Hastings organ)
- Bethel AME Church (oldest AME church in Indiana: founded 1868)
- Old National Road Welcome Center (convention and tourism bureau)
- Whitewater Gorge Park and Gennett Walk of Fame
- Cardinal Greenway hiking trail
- Morrisson Reeves Library and historical archive
- Marceline Jones gravesite, Earlham Cemetery (Jim Jones's wife, who died in the Peoples Temple mass suicide)
- Richmond Civic Theatre (plays, classic movies, and children's theater)
- Madonna of the Trail statue at Glen Miller Park
- Gennett Records Walk of Fame