Pierce is a city in Clearwater County, Idaho. Elias D. Pierce and Wilbur F. Bassett made the first discovery of gold in Idaho (then Washington Territory), on Orofino Creek (Canal Gulch) in 1860, a mile (1.6 km) north of Pierce. . The population was 617 at the 2000 census. Pierce was once the county seat for Shoshone County, Washington Territory. The Pierce Courthouse, constructed in 1862, is Idaho's oldest public building. The Bald Mountain Ski Area is located 11 miles (18 km) northwest of Pierce.