Many residents of Grangeville depend on the nearby forests for their livelihoods. In addition to timber harvesting, the U.S. Forest Service is a major source of employment in the region. Salmon and steelhead fishing is often a choice of recreation. Many residents of Grangeville hunt deer, elk, and turkeys in the nearby forests. Hiking is also popular in the Nez Perce National Forest, the Gospel Hump Wilderness, and Hells Canyon to the south of the city. The city operates the nearby Snowhaven Ski Area for winter recreation. The people of Grangeville enjoy close access to scenic and wildlife areas. Whitewater rafting is a popular pursuit. The Clearwater River, Snake River, and Salmon River lie close by.